This page is provided by Stephen R. Biss, Barrister & Solicitor for public information. I no longer practice corporations law. Please consult a Brampton corporate law lawyer face-to-face. If you are a Brampton Corporations Law lawyer and you believe you have a web site to which this page should link please write to me. 

 

| Brampton Lawyer, Corporations Law Lawyer, Corporate Lawyer |

Brampton corporations law lawyers (corporate law lawyers) practice business law, corporate law and commercial law in Brampton, Ontario, Canada. Many also practice property law and creditors' rights law. Brampton corporations law lawyers are members of the Law Society of Upper Canada. 

The  Law Society Referral Service  is a very good way to find a Brampton lawyer who practices corporations law in Brampton and the surrounding region. 

Each Brampton corporations law lawyer is a barrister, solicitor, and notary public. Brampton corporate law barristers are Brampton corporations law lawyers who appear in Brampton and other Greater Toronto Area courts. Brampton corporations law solicitors are Brampton lawyers who don't usually go to Court but spend most of their time in their Brampton offices or working elsewhere in Brampton with Brampton corporations law clients. Some Brampton corporations law lawyers spend most of their time acting as solicitors. Other Brampton corporations law lawyers spend most of their time preparing for possible business law litigation in the Superior Court of Justice in Brampton.   

Brampton corporate law lawyers act as Brampton solicitors when they incorporate new companies under the Ontario Business Corporations Act or the Canada Business Corporations Act, establish partnerships under the Ontario Partnerships Act or the Limited Partnerships Act, or simply advise a client on a sole proprietorship.

Brampton corporate law lawyers advise Brampton creditors and debtors respecting the rights and remedies available to both secured and unsecured creditors in Brampton where business and other debts are in danger of not being paid. Brampton corporations law lawyers can advise their business clients respecting the registration of a security interest in either real property or personal property. Brampton corporations law lawyers can advise their business and other clients respecting bankruptcy and insolvency. 

Many Brampton corporate lawyers are members of the Peel Law Association. The PLA membership list is a good way to find a Brampton corporate law lawyer.

If you are a Brampton corporations law lawyer or articling student and you find an error on this page and help us to correct it, we will be happy to post a link to your Brampton or Mississauga law firm here.

Corporations Law Legislation Applicable to Brampton Lawyers

Brampton lawyers who practice corporations law (Brampton corporations law lawyers) use federal legislation enacted by the Parliament of Canada and provincial legislation enacted by the Legislature of Ontario respecting business law, corporations law, partnerships law, commercial law, and property issues. Here are some examples of corporations law statutes used by Brampton corporations law lawyers when they help establish and maintain Ontario businesses.

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Voting rights

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  102

Unless the articles otherwise provide, each share of a corporation entitles the holder thereof to one vote at a meeting of shareholders. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 102 (1).

Where a body corporate or association is a shareholder of a corporation, the corporation shall recognize any individual authorized by a resolution of the directors or governing body of the body corporate or association to represent it at meetings of shareholders of the corporation. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 102 (2).

An individual authorized as set out in subsection (2) may exercise on behalf of the body corporate or association he or she represents all the powers it could exercise if it were an individual shareholder. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 102 (3).

Unless the by-laws otherwise provide, where two or more persons hold shares jointly, one of those holders present at a meeting of shareholders may in the absence of the others vote the shares, but if two or more of those persons are present, in person or by proxy, they shall vote as one on the shares jointly held by them. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 102 (4).

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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Requisition for shareholders meeting

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  105(1)

he holders of not less than 5 per cent of the issued shares of a corporation that carry the right to vote at a meeting sought to be held may requisition the directors to call a meeting of shareholders for the purposes stated in the requisition. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 105 (1).

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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Failure to perform undertaking

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  12(2)

Where an undertaking to dissolve or change its name is given by a corporation and the undertaking is not carried out within the time specified, the Director may, after giving the corporation an opportunity to be heard, issue a certificate of amendment to the articles changing the name of the corporation to a name specified in the certificate and, upon the issuance of a certificate of amendment, the articles are amended accordingly. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 12 (2).

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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Capacity to act outside Ontario

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  16

A corporation has the capacity to carry on its business, conduct its affairs and exercise its powers in any jurisdiction outside Ontario to the extent that the laws of such jurisdiction permit. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 16.

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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Restrictions on corporate name

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  10(1)

The word “Limited”, “Limitée”, “Incorporated”, “Incorporée” or “Corporation” or the corresponding abbreviations “Ltd.”, “Ltée”, “Inc.” or “Corp.” shall be part, in addition to any use in a figurative or descriptive sense, of the name of every corporation, but a corporation may be legally designated by either the full or the abbreviated form. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 10 (1).

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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Restrictions on corporate name

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  10(2)

Subject to this Act and the regulations, a corporation may have a name that is in,

(a) an English form only; (b) a French form only; (c) a French and English form, where the French and English are used together in a combined form; (d) a French form and an English form, where the French and English forms are equivalent but are used separately. 1994, c. 27, s. 71 (3).

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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Representative

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  102(2)

Where a body corporate or association is a shareholder of a corporation, the corporation shall recognize any individual authorized by a resolution of the directors or governing body of the body corporate or association to represent it at meetings of shareholders of the corporation. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 102 (2).

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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Unauthorized use of “Limited”

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  11(2)

No person, while not incorporated, shall trade or carry on a business or undertaking under a name in which “Limited”, “Incorporated” or “Corporation” or any abbreviation thereof, or any version thereof in another language, is used. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 11 (1).

Where a corporation carries on business or identifies itself to the public by a name or style other than as provided in the articles, that name or style shall not include the word “Limited”, “Incorporated” or “Corporation” or any abbreviation thereof or any version thereof in another language. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 11 (2).

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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Information circular

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  112(1)

No person shall solicit proxies in respect of an offering corporation unless,

(a) in the case of solicitation by or on behalf of the management of the corporation, a management information circular in prescribed form, either as an appendix to or as a separate document accompanying the notice of the meeting; or

(b) in the case of any other solicitation, a dissident’s information circular in prescribed form,is sent to the auditor of the corporation, to each shareholder whose proxy is solicited and, if clause (b) applies, to the corporation. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 112 (1).

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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Directors

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  115

Subject to any unanimous shareholder agreement, the directors shall manage or supervise the management of the business and affairs of a corporation. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 115 (1).

(2) A corporation shall have a board of directors which shall consist of, (a) in the case of a corporation that is not an offering corporation, at least one individual; and (b) in the case of a corporation that is an offering corporation, not fewer than three individuals. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 115 (2); 1994, c. 27, s. 71 (11).

(3) At least one-third of the directors of an offering corporation shall not be officers or employees of the corporation or any of its affiliates. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 115 (3).

(4) Where all of the directors have resigned or have been removed by the shareholders without replacement, any person who manages or supervises the management of the business and affairs of the corporation shall be deemed to be a director for the purposes of this Act. 1994, c. 27, s. 71 (12).

(5) Subsection (4) does not apply to, (a) an officer who manages the business of the corporation under the direction or control of a shareholder or other person; (b) a lawyer, accountant or other professional who participates in the management of the corporation solely for the purposes of providing professional services; or (c) a trustee in bankruptcy, receiver, receiver-manager or secured creditor who participates in the management of the corporation or exercises control over its property solely for the purposes of enforcement of a security agreement or administration of a bankrupt’s estate, in the case of a trustee in bankruptcy. 1994, c. 27, s. 71 (12).

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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Board of directors

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  115(2)

A corporation shall have a board of directors which shall consist of, (a) in the case of a corporation that is not an offering corporation, at least one individual; and (b) in the case of a corporation that is an offering corporation, not fewer than three individuals. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 115 (2); 1994, c. 27, s. 71 (11).

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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Board of directors

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  115(3)

At least one-third of the directors of an offering corporation shall not be officers or employees of the corporation or any of its affiliates. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 115 (3).

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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Confirmation by shareholders

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  116(2)

Where the directors make, amend or repeal a by-law under subsection (1), they shall submit the by-law, amendment or repeal to the shareholders at the next meeting of shareholders, and the shareholders may confirm, reject or amend the by-law, amendment or repeal. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 116 (2).

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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First directors meeting

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  117(1)

After incorporation, a meeting of the directors of a corporation shall be held at which the directors may,

(a) make by-laws;

(b) adopt forms of security certificates and corporate records;

(c) authorize the issue of securities;

(d) appoint officers;

(e) appoint one or more auditors to hold office until the first annual or special meeting of shareholders;

(f) make banking arrangements; and

(g) transact any other business. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 117 (1).

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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Qualifications of directors

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  118(1)

The following persons are disqualified from being a director of a corporation: 1. A person who is less than eighteen years of age. 2. A person who is of unsound mind and has been so found by a court in Canada or elsewhere. 3. A person who is not an individual. 4. A person who has the status of bankrupt. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 118 (1).

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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Directors to be resident Canadians

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  118(3)

A majority of the directors of every corporation other than a non-resident corporation shall be resident Canadians but where a corporation has only one or two directors, that director or one of the two directors, as the case may be, shall be a resident Canadian. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 118 (3).

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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First directors

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  119

Each director named in the articles shall hold office from the date of endorsement of the certificate of incorporation until the first meeting of shareholders. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 119 (1).

Until the first meeting of shareholders, the resignation of a director named in the articles shall not be effective unless at the time the resignation is to become effective a successor has been elected or appointed. 1994, c. 27, s. 71 (13).

The first directors of a corporation named in the articles have all the powers and duties and are subject to all the liabilities of directors. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 119 (3).

Subject to clause 120 (a), shareholders of a corporation shall elect, at the first meeting of shareholders and at each succeeding annual meeting at which an election of directors is required, directors to hold office for a term expiring not later than the close of the third annual meeting of shareholders following the election. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 119 (4).

It is not necessary that all directors elected at a meeting of shareholders hold office for the same term. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 119 (5).

A director not elected for an expressly stated term ceases to hold office at the close of the first annual meeting of shareholders following his or her election. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 119 (6).

Despite this section, if directors are not elected at a meeting of shareholders the incumbent directors continue in office until their successors are elected. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 119 (7).

If a meeting of shareholders fails to elect the number of directors required by the articles or by section 125 by reason of the disqualification, incapacity or death of one or more candidates, the directors elected at that meeting, if they constitute a quorum, may exercise all the powers of the directors of the corporation pending the holding of a meeting of shareholders in accordance with subsection 124 (3). R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 119 (8).

Subject to subsection (10), the election or appointment of a director under this Act is not effective unless the person elected or appointed consents in writing before or within 10 days after the date of the election or appointment. 1999, c. 12, Sched. F, s. 8.

If the person elected or appointed consents in writing after the time period mentioned in subsection (9), the election or appointment is valid. 1999, c. 12, Sched. F, s. 8.

Subsection (9) does not apply to a director who is re-elected or re-appointed where there is no break in the director’s term of office. 1999, c. 12, Sched. F, s. 8.

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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Change of name if objectionable

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  12(1)

If a corporation, through inadvertence or otherwise, has acquired a name contrary to section 9 or 10, the Director may, after giving the corporation an opportunity to be heard, issue a certificate of amendment to the articles changing the name of the corporation to a name specified in the certificate and, upon the issuance of the certificate of amendment, the articles are amended accordingly. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 12 (1); 2004, c. 19, s. 3 (2).

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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Exceptions

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  126(2)

Where the by-laws of the corporation so provide, a meeting of the board of directors may be held at any place within or outside Ontario, but, except where the corporation is a non-resident corporation or the articles or the by-laws otherwise provide, in any financial year of the corporation a majority of the meetings of the board of directors shall be held at a place within Canada. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 126 (2).

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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Resolutions in writing

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  129(1)

A resolution in writing, signed by all the directors entitled to vote on that resolution at a meeting of directors or a committee of directors, is as valid as if it had been passed at a meeting of directors or a committee of directors. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 129 (1).

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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Liability of directors

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  130

Directors of a corporation who vote for or consent to a resolution authorizing the issue of a share for a consideration other than money contrary to section 23 are jointly and severally liable to the corporation to make good any amount by which the consideration received is less than the fair equivalent of the money that the corporation would have received if the share had been issued for money on the date of the resolution. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 130 (1).

(2) Directors of a corporation who vote for or consent to a resolution authorizing, (a) any financial assistance contrary to section 20;

(b) a purchase, redemption or other acquisition of shares contrary to section 30, 31 or 32; (c) a commission contrary to section 37; (d) a payment of a dividend contrary to section 38; (e) a payment of an indemnity contrary to section 136; or (f) a payment to a shareholder contrary to section 185 or 248, are jointly and severally liable to restore to the corporation any amounts so distributed or paid and not otherwise recovered by the corporation. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 130 (2).

director who has satisfied a judgment rendered under this section is entitled to contribution from the other directors who voted for or consented to the unlawful act upon which the judgment was founded. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 130 (3).

A director liable under subsection (2) is entitled to apply to the court for an order compelling a shareholder or other recipient to pay or deliver to the director any money or property that was paid or distributed to the shareholder or other recipient contrary to section 20, 30, 31, 32, 37, 38, 136, 185 or 248. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 130 (4).

In connection with an application under subsection (4), the court may, if it is satisfied that it is equitable to do so, (a) order a shareholder or other recipient to pay or deliver to a director any money or property that was paid or distributed to the shareholder or other recipient contrary to section 20, 30, 31, 32, 37, 38, 136, 185 or 248;

(b) order a corporation to return or issue shares to a person from whom the corporation has purchased, redeemed or otherwise acquired shares; or (c) make any further order it thinks fit. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 130 (5).

A director is not liable under subsection (1) if the director proves that he or she did not know and could not reasonably have known that the share was issued for a consideration less than the fair equivalent of the money that the corporation would have received if the share had been issued for money. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 130 (6).

Repealed: 2002, c. 24, Sched. B, s. 25.

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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Directors’ liability to employees for wages

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  131

The directors of a corporation are jointly and severally liable to the employees of the corporation for all debts not exceeding six months’ wages that become payable while they are directors for services performed for the corporation and for the vacation pay accrued while they are directors for not more than twelve months under the Employment Standards Act, and the regulations thereunder, or under any collective agreement made by the corporation. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 131 (1).

A director is liable under subsection (1) only if, (a) the corporation is sued in the action against the director and execution against the corporation is returned unsatisfied in whole or in part; or (b) before or after the action is commenced, the corporation goes into liquidation, is ordered to be wound up or makes an authorized assignment under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act (Canada), or a receiving order under that Act is made against it, and, in any such case, the claim for the debt has been proved. 2002, c. 24, Sched. B, s. 27 (1).

(3) Where execution referred to in clause (2) (b) has issued, the amount recoverable from a director is the amount remaining unsatisfied after execution. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 131 (3).

(4) Where a director pays a debt under subsection (1) that is proved in liquidation and dissolution or bankruptcy proceedings, the director is entitled to any preference that the employee would have been entitled to, and where a judgment has been obtained the director is entitled to an assignment of the judgment. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 131 (4).

(5) A director who has satisfied a claim under this section is entitled to contribution from the other directors who were liable for the claim. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 131 (5

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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Standards of care

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  134

Every director and officer of a corporation in exercising his or her powers and discharging his or her duties shall,a) act honestly and in good faith with a view to the best interests of the corporation; and

(b) exercise the care, diligence and skill that a reasonably prudent person would exercise in comparable circumstances. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 134 (1).

Every director and officer of a corporation shall comply with this Act, the regulations, articles, by-laws and any unanimous shareholder agreement. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 134 (2).

Subject to subsection 108 (5), no provision in a contract, the articles, the by-laws or a resolution relieves a director or officer from the duty to act in accordance with this Act and the regulations or relieves him or her from liability for a breach thereof. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 134 (3).

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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Registered office

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  14(1)

A corporation shall at all times have a registered office in Ontario at the location specified in its articles, in a resolution made under subsection (3) or in a special resolution made under subsection (4). 1994, c. 27, s. 71 (4); 2000, c. 26, Sched. B, s. 3 (3).

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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Change of location

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  14(3)

A corporation may by resolution of its directors change the location of its registered office within a municipality or geographic township. 1994, c. 27, s. 71 (5).

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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Change of municipality

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  14(4)

corporation may by special resolution change the municipality or geographic township in which its registered office is located to another place in Ontario. 1994, c. 27, s. 71 (5).

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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Corporate powers

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  15

A corporation has the capacity and the rights, powers and privileges of a natural person. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 15.

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

Canada Statutes   Ontario Statutes 

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Amendments

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  168(1) (M)

subject to sections 120 and 125, increase or decrease the number, or minimum or maximum number, of directors; and

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

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Amendments

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  168(11)(a)

Subject to sections 170 and 171, a corporation may from time to time amend its articles to add, change or remove any provision that is permitted by this Act to be, or that is, set out in its articles, including without limiting the generality of the foregoing, to, (a) change its name;

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

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Change of number name

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  168(4)

Despite subsection (1), where a corporation has a number name, the directors may amend its articles to change that name to a name that is not a number name. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 168 (4).

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

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Power limited by articles

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  17(2)

A corporation shall not carry on any business or exercise any power that it is restricted by its articles from carrying on or exercising, nor shall the corporation exercise any of its powers in a manner contrary to its articles. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 17 (2).

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

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Restated articles of incorporation

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  173(1)(a)

The directors may at any time restate the articles of incorporation as amended. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 173 (1).

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

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Restated certificate of incorporation

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  173(3)

Upon receipt of restated articles of incorporation, the Director shall endorse thereon in accordance with section 273 a certificate which shall constitute the restated certificate of incorporation. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 173 (3).

The section data above may not be current. Please check statute at government site and consult with your own lawyer to ensure currency. 

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Rights of shareholders

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  22(3)

Where a corporation has only one class of shares, the rights of the holders thereof are equal in all respects and include the rights, (a) to vote at all meetings of shareholders; and (b) to receive the remaining property of the corporation upon dissolution. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 22 (3).

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Exception to subs. (2)

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  24(3)

Despite subsection (2) and subsection 23 (3), where a corporation issues shares,

(a) in exchange for,

(i) property of a person who immediately before the exchange does not deal with the corporation at arm’s length within the meaning of that term in the Income Tax Act (Canada), or

(ii) shares of a body corporate that immediately before the exchange or that, because of the exchange, does not deal with the corporation at arm’s length within the meaning of that term in the Income Tax Act (Canada); or

(b) under an agreement referred to in subsection 175 (1) or an arrangement referred to in clause 182 (1) (c) or (d) or to shareholders of an amalgamating corporation who receive the shares in addition to or instead of securities of the amalgamated corporation,

the corporation may, subject to subsection (4), add all or any portion of the consideration it received for the shares to the appropriate stated capital account. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 24 (3).

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Derivative actions

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  246

Subject to subsection (2), a complainant may apply to the court for leave to bring an action in the name and on behalf of a corporation or any of its subsidiaries, or intervene in an action to which any such body corporate is a party, for the purpose of prosecuting, defending or discontinuing the action on behalf of the body corporate. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 246 (1).

No action may be brought and no intervention in an action may be made under subsection (1) unless the complainant has given fourteen days’ notice to the directors of the corporation or its subsidiary of the complainant’s intention to apply to the court under subsection (1) and the court is satisfied that,

(a) the directors of the corporation or its subsidiary will not bring, diligently prosecute or defend or discontinue the action;

(b) the complainant is acting in good faith; and

(c) it appears to be in the interests of the corporation or its subsidiary that the action be brought, prosecuted, defended or discontinued. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 246 (2).

Where a complainant on an application made without notice can establish to the satisfaction of the court that it is not expedient to give notice as required under subsection (2), the court may make such interim order as it thinks fit pending the complainant giving notice as required. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 246 (3).

Where a complainant on an application can establish to the satisfaction of the court that an interim order for relief should be made, the court may make such order as it thinks fit. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 246 (4).

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Court order

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  247

In connection with an action brought or intervened in under section 246, the court may at any time make any order it thinks fit including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing,

(a) an order authorizing the complainant or any other person to control the conduct of the action;

(b) an order giving directions for the conduct of the action;

(c) an order directing that any amount adjudged payable by a defendant in the action shall be paid, in whole or in part, directly to former and present security holders of the corporation or its subsidiary instead of to the corporation or its subsidiary; and

(d) an order requiring the corporation or its subsidiary to pay reasonable legal fees and any other costs reasonably incurred by the complainant in connection with the action. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 247.

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Court order

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  248(3)

In connection with an application under this section, the court may make any interim or final order it thinks fit including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing,

(a) an order restraining the conduct complained of;

(b) an order appointing a receiver or receiver-manager;

(c) an order to regulate a corporation’s affairs by amending the articles or by-laws or creating or amending a unanimous shareholder agreement;

(d) an order directing an issue or exchange of securities;

(e) an order appointing directors in place of or in addition to all or any of the directors then in office;

(f) an order directing a corporation, subject to subsection (6), or any other person, to purchase securities of a security holder;

(g) an order directing a corporation, subject to subsection (6), or any other person, to pay to a security holder any part of the money paid by the security holder for securities;

(h) an order varying or setting aside a transaction or contract to which a corporation is a party and compensating the corporation or any other party to the transaction or contract;

(i) an order requiring a corporation, within a time specified by the court, to produce to the court or an interested person financial statements in the form required by section 154 or an accounting in such other form as the court may determine;

(j) an order compensating an aggrieved person;

(k) an order directing rectification of the registers or other records of a corporation under section 250;

(l) an order winding up the corporation under section 207;

(m) an order directing an investigation under Part XIII be made; and

(n) an order requiring the trial of any issue. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 248 (3).

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Assignment of number

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  5

Every corporation shall be assigned a number by the Director and such number shall be specified as the corporation number in the certificate of incorporation and in any other certificate relating to the corporation endorsed or issued by the Director. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 8 (1).

(2) Where no name is specified in the articles that are delivered to the Director, the corporation shall be assigned a number name. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 8 (2).

(3) Where, through inadvertence or otherwise, the Director has assigned to a corporation a corporation number or number name that is the same as the number or name of any other corporation previously assigned, the Director may, without holding a hearing, issue a certificate of amendment to the articles of the corporation changing the number or name assigned to the corporation and, upon the issuance of the certificate of amendment, the articles are amended accordingly. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 8 (3).

(4) Where for any reason the Director has endorsed a certificate on articles that sets out the corporation number incorrectly, the Director may substitute a corrected certificate that bears the date of the certificate it replaces. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 8 (4).

(5) The file number that was assigned to each corporation by the Minister prior to the 29th day of July, 1983 shall be deemed to be that corporation’s number. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 8 (5).

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Certificate of incorporation

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  7

certificate of incorporation is conclusive proof that the corporation has been incorporated under this Act on the date set out in the certificate, except in a proceeding under section 240 to cancel the certificate for cause. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 7.

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Name prohibition

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  9

Subject to subsection (2), a corporation shall not have a name, (a) that contains a word or expression prohibited by the regulations; (b) that is the same as or, except where a number name is proposed, similar to,

(i) the name of a known, (A) body corporate, (B) trust, (C) association, (D) partnership, (E) sole proprietorship, or (F) individual,

whether in existence or not, or (ii) the known name under which any body corporate, trust, association, partnership, sole proprietorship, or individual, carries on business or identifies himself, herself or itself,

if the use of that name would be likely to deceive; or

(c) that does not meet the requirements prescribed by the regulations. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 9 (1).

Exception to subs. (1) (2) A corporation may have a name described in clause (1) (b) upon complying with conditions prescribed by the regulations. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 9 (2).

(3) There shall be filed with the Director such documents relating to the name of the corporation as may be prescribed by the regulations. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 9 (3).

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Initial return, extra-provincial corporation

Corporations Information Act

Section or Rule No.  3

Every extra-provincial corporation, other than a corporation of a class exempted by the regulations, that begins to carry on business in Ontario shall file with the Minister an initial return setting out the prescribed information as of the date of filing. R.S.O. 1990, c. C.39, s. 3 (1); 1994, c. 17, s. 34.

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Time of delivery

Corporations Information Act

Section or Rule No.  4

A corporation that is not required to deliver a tax return under section 75 of the Corporations Tax Act shall deliver the return mentioned in subsection (1) within six months of its financial year end. 1995, c. 3, s. 1 (2); 2004, c. 16, Sched. D, Table.

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Articles of incorporation

Canada Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  6

(1) Articles of incorporation shall follow the form that the Director fixes and shall set out, in respect of the proposed corporation,

(a) the name of the corporation;

(b) the province in Canada where the registered office is to be situated;

(c) the classes and any maximum number of shares that the corporation is authorized to issue, and

(i) if there will be two or more classes of shares, the rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attaching to each class of shares, and

(ii) if a class of shares may be issued in series, the authority given to the directors to fix the number of shares in, and to determine the designation of, and the rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attaching to, the shares of each series;

(d) if the issue, transfer or ownership of shares of the corporation is to be restricted, a statement to that effect and a statement as to the nature of such restrictions;

(e) the number of directors or, subject to paragraph 107(a), the minimum and maximum number of directors of the corporation; and

(f) any restrictions on the businesses that the corporation may carry on.

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Certificate of incorporation

Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  6

An incorporator shall send to the Director articles of incorporation and, upon receipt of the articles, the Director shall endorse thereon, in accordance with section 273, a certificate which shall constitute the certificate of incorporation. R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 6.

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Name of corporation

Canada Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  10(1)

(1) The word or expression "Limited", "Limitée", "Incorporated", "Incorporée", "Corporation" or "Société par actions de régime fédéral" or the corresponding abbreviation "Ltd.", "Ltée", "Inc.", "Corp." or "S.A.R.F." shall be part, other than only in a figurative or descriptive sense, of the name of every corporation, but a corporation may use and be legally designated by either the full or the corresponding abbreviated form.

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Reserving name

Canada Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  11

(1) The Director may, on request, reserve for ninety days a name for an intended corporation or for a corporation about to change its name.

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Number of directors

Canada Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  112(1)

(1) The shareholders of a corporation may amend the articles to increase or, subject to paragraph 107(h), to decrease the number of directors, or the minimum or maximum number of directors, but no decrease shall shorten the term of an incumbent director.

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Directors’ liability

Canada Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  118

Directors of a corporation who vote for or consent to a resolution authorizing the issue of a share under section 25 for a consideration other than money are jointly and severally, or solidarily, liable to the corporation to make good any amount by which the consideration received is less than the fair equivalent of the money that the corporation would have received if the share had been issued for money on the date of the resolution.

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Duty of intermediary

Canada Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  153(1)

(1) Shares of a corporation that are registered in the name of an intermediary or their nominee and not beneficially owned by the intermediary must not be voted unless the intermediary, without delay after receipt of the notice of the meeting, financial statements, management proxy circular, dissident’s proxy circular and any other documents other than the form of proxy sent to shareholders by or on behalf of any person for use in connection with the meeting, sends a copy of the document to the beneficial owner and, except when the intermediary has received written voting instructions from the beneficial owner, a written request for such instructions.

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Conditions precedent to liability

Canada Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  19(2)

(2) A director is not liable under subsection (1) unless (a) the corporation has been sued for the debt within six months after it has become due and execution has been returned unsatisfied in whole or in part;

(b) the corporation has commenced liquidation and dissolution proceedings or has been dissolved and a claim for the debt has been proved within six months after the earlier of the date of commencement of the liquidation and dissolution proceedings and the date of dissolution; or

(c) the corporation has made an assignment or a bankruptcy order has been made against it under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act and a claim for the debt has been proved within six months after the date of the assignment or bankruptcy order.

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Definitions

Canada Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  2

In this Act,

"affairs" «affaires internes » "affairs" means the relationships among a corporation, its affiliates and the shareholders, directors and officers of such bodies corporate but does not include the business carried on by such bodies corporate;

"affiliate" «groupe » "affiliate" means an affiliated body corporate within the meaning of subsection (2);

"articles" «statuts » "articles" means the original or restated articles of incorporation, articles of amendment, articles of amalgamation, articles of continuance, articles of reorganization, articles of arrangement, articles of dissolution, articles of revival and includes any amendments thereto;

"associate" «liens » "associate" , in respect of a relationship with a person, means

(a) a body corporate of which that person beneficially owns or controls, directly or indirectly, shares or securities currently convertible into shares carrying more than ten per cent of the voting rights under all circumstances or by reason of the occurrence of an event that has occurred and is continuing, or a currently exercisable option or right to purchase such shares or such convertible securities,

(b) a partner of that person acting on behalf of the partnership of which they are partners,

(c) a trust or estate in which that person has a substantial beneficial interest or in respect of which that person serves as a trustee or liquidator of the succession or in a similar capacity,

(d) a spouse of that person or an individual who is cohabiting with that person in a conjugal relationship, having so cohabited for a period of at least one year,

(e) a child of that person or of the spouse or individual referred to in paragraph (d), and

(f) a relative of that person or of the spouse or individual referred to in paragraph (d), if that relative has the same residence as that person;

"auditor" «vérificateur » "auditor" includes a partnership of auditors or an auditor that is incorporated;

"beneficial interest" «véritable propriétaire » et «propriété effective » "beneficial interest" means an interest arising out of the beneficial ownership of securities;

"beneficial ownership" «véritable propriétaire » et «propriété effective » "beneficial ownership" includes ownership through any trustee, legal representative, agent or other intermediary;

"body corporate" «personne morale » "body corporate" includes a company or other body corporate wherever or however incorporated;

"call" «option d’achat » "call" means an option transferable by delivery to demand delivery of a specified number or amount of securities at a fixed price within a specified time but does not include an option or right to acquire securities of the corporation that granted the option or right to acquire;

"corporation" «société par actions » ou «société » "corporation" means a body corporate incorporated or continued under this Act and not discontinued under this Act;

"court" «tribunal » "court" means

(a) in the Provinces of Newfoundland and Prince Edward Island, the trial division of the Supreme Court of the Province,

(a.1) in the Province of Ontario, the Superior Court of Justice,

(b) in the Provinces of Nova Scotia and British Columbia, the Supreme Court of the Province,

(c) in the Provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and New Brunswick, the Court of Queen’s Bench for the Province,

(d) in the Province of Quebec, the Superior Court of the Province, and

( e) the Supreme Court of Yukon, the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories and the Nunavut Court of Justice;

"court of appeal" «Cour d’appel » "court of appeal" means the court to which an appeal lies from an order of a court;

"debt obligation" «titre de créance » "debt obligation" means a bond, debenture, note or other evidence of indebtedness or guarantee of a corporation, whether secured or unsecured;

"Director" «directeur » "Director" means the Director appointed under section 260;

"director" , "directors" and "board of directors" «administrateur » et «conseil d’administration » "director" means a person occupying the position of director by whatever name called and "directors" and "board of directors" includes a single director;

"distributing corporation" «société ayant fait appel au public » "distributing corporation" means, subject to subsections (6) and (7), a distributing corporation as defined in the regulations;

"entity" «entité » "entity" means a body corporate, a partnership, a trust, a joint venture or an unincorporated association or organization;

"going-private transaction" «opération de fermeture » "going-private transaction" means a going-private transaction as defined in the regulations;

"incorporator" «fondateur » "incorporator" means a person who signs articles of incorporation;

"individual" «particulier » "individual" means a natural person;

"liability" «passif » "liability" includes a debt of a corporation arising under section 40, subsection 190(25) and paragraphs 241(3)(f) and (g);

"Minister" «ministre » "Minister" means such member of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada as is designated by the Governor in Council as the Minister for the purposes of this Act;

"officer" «dirigeant » "officer" means an individual appointed as an officer under section 121, the chairperson of the board of directors, the president, a vice-president, the secretary, the treasurer, the comptroller, the general counsel, the general manager, a managing director, of a corporation, or any other individual who performs functions for a corporation similar to those normally performed by an individual occupying any of those offices;

"ordinary resolution" «résolution ordinaire » "ordinary resolution" means a resolution passed by a majority of the votes cast by the shareholders who voted in respect of that resolution;

"person" «personne » "person" means an individual, partnership, association, body corporate, or personal representative;

"personal representative" «représentant personnel » "personal representative" means a person who stands in place of and represents another person including, but not limited to, a trustee, an executor, an administrator, a receiver, an agent, a liquidator of a succession, a guardian, a tutor, a curator, a mandatary or an attorney;

"prescribed" «prescrit » ou «réglementaire » "prescribed" means prescribed by the regulations;

"put" «option de vente » "put" means an option transferable by delivery to deliver a specified number or amount of securities at a fixed price within a specified time;

"redeemable share" «action rachetable » "redeemable share" means a share issued by a corporation

(a) that the corporation may purchase or redeem on the demand of the corporation, or

(b) that the corporation is required by its articles to purchase or redeem at a specified time or on the demand of a shareholder;

"resident Canadian" «résident canadien » "resident Canadian" means an individual who is

(a) a Canadian citizen ordinarily resident in Canada,

(b) a Canadian citizen not ordinarily resident in Canada who is a member of a prescribed class of persons, or

(c) a permanent resident within the meaning of subsection 2(1) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act and ordinarily resident in Canada, except a permanent resident who has been ordinarily resident in Canada for more than one year after the time at which he or she first became eligible to apply for Canadian citizenship;

"security" «valeur mobilière » "security" means a share of any class or series of shares or a debt obligation of a corporation and includes a certificate evidencing such a share or debt obligation;

"security interest" «sûreté » "security interest" means an interest in or charge on property of a corporation to secure payment of a debt or performance of any other obligation of the corporation;

"send" «envoyer » "send" includes deliver;

"series" «série » "series" , in relation to shares, means a division of a class of shares;

"special resolution" «résolution spéciale » "special resolution" means a resolution passed by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the votes cast by the shareholders who voted in respect of that resolution or signed by all the shareholders entitled to vote on that resolution;

"squeeze-out transaction" «opération d’éviction » "squeeze-out transaction" means a transaction by a corporation that is not a distributing corporation that would require an amendment to its articles and would, directly or indirectly, result in the interest of a holder of shares of a class of the corporation being terminated without the consent of the holder, and without substituting an interest of equivalent value in shares issued by the corporation, which shares have equal or greater rights and privileges than the shares of the affected class;

"unanimous shareholder agreement" «convention unanime des actionnaires » "unanimous shareholder agreement" means an agreement described in subsection 146(1) or a declaration of a shareholder described in subsection 146(2).

Affiliated bodies corporate

(2) For the purposes of this Act, (a) one body corporate is affiliated with another body corporate if one of them is the subsidiary of the other or both are subsidiaries of the same body corporate or each of them is controlled by the same person; and

(b) if two bodies corporate are affiliated with the same body corporate at the same time, they are deemed to be affiliated with each other.

Control

(3) For the purposes of this Act, a body corporate is controlled by a person or by two or more bodies corporate if (a) securities of the body corporate to which are attached more than fifty per cent of the votes that may be cast to elect directors of the body corporate are held, other than by way of security only, by or for the benefit of that person or by or for the benefit of those bodies corporate; and

(b) the votes attached to those securities are sufficient, if exercised, to elect a majority of the directors of the body corporate.

Holding body corporate

(4) A body corporate is the holding body corporate of another if that other body corporate is its subsidiary. Subsidiary body corporate

(5) A body corporate is a subsidiary of another body corporate if (a) it is controlled by

(i) that other body corporate,

(ii) that other body corporate and one or more bodies corporate each of which is controlled by that other body corporate, or

(iii) two or more bodies corporate each of which is controlled by that other body corporate; or

(b) it is a subsidiary of a body corporate that is a subsidiary of that other body corporate.

Exemptions — on application by corporation

(6) On the application of a corporation, the Director may determine that the corporation is not or was not a distributing corporation if the Director is satisfied that the determination would not be prejudicial to the public interest. Exemptions — classes of corporations

(7) The Director may determine that a class of corporations are not or were not distributing corporations if the Director is satisfied that the determination would not be prejudicial to the public interest. Infants

(8) For the purposes of this Act, the word "infant" has the same meaning as in the applicable provincial law and, in the absence of any such law, has the same meaning as the word "child" in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, adopted in the United Nations General Assembly on November 20, 1989

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Access to corporate records

Canada Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  21

(1) Subject to subsection (1.1), shareholders and creditors of a corporation, their personal representatives and the Director may examine the records described in subsection 20(1) during the usual business hours of the corporation, and may take extracts from the records, free of charge, and, if the corporation is a distributing corporation, any other person may do so on payment of a reasonable fee.

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Form of records

Canada Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  22

(1) All registers and other records required by this Act to be prepared and maintained may be in a bound or loose-leaf form or in a photographic film form, or may be entered or recorded by any system of mechanical or electronic data processing or any other information storage device that is capable of reproducing any required information in intelligible written form within a reasonable time.

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Rights attached to shares

Canada Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  24(3)

(3) Where a corporation has only one class of shares, the rights of the holders thereof are equal in all respects and include the rights (a) to vote at any meeting of shareholders of the corporation;

(b) to receive any dividend declared by the corporation; and

(c) to receive the remaining property of the corporation on dissolution.

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Adjustment of stated capital account

Canada Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  39

(1) On a purchase, redemption or other acquisition by a corporation under section 34, 35, 36, 45 or 190 or paragraph 241(3)(f), of shares or fractions thereof issued by it, the corporation shall deduct from the stated capital account maintained for the class or series of shares of which the shares purchased, redeemed or otherwise acquired form a part an amount equal to the result obtained by multiplying the stated capital of the shares of that class or series by the number of shares of that class or series or fractions thereof purchased, redeemed or otherwise acquired, divided by the number of issued shares of that class or series immediately before the purchase, redemption or other acquisition.

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Lien on shares

Canada Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  45(2)

(2) Subject to subsection 49(8), the articles may provide that the corporation has a lien on a share registered in the name of a shareholder or the shareholder’s personal representative for a debt of that shareholder to the corporation, including an amount unpaid in respect of a share issued by a body corporate on the date it was continued under this Act.

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Incorporators

Canada Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  5

One or more individuals not one of whom

(a) is less than eighteen years of age,

(b) is of unsound mind and has been so found by a court in Canada or elsewhere, or

(c) has the status of bankrupt,

may incorporate a corporation by signing articles of incorporation and complying with section 7.

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Articles of incorporation

Canada Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  6

1) Articles of incorporation shall follow the form that the Director fixes and shall set out, in respect of the proposed corporation,

(a) the name of the corporation;

(b) the province in Canada where the registered office is to be situated;

(c) the classes and any maximum number of shares that the corporation is authorized to issue, and

(i) if there will be two or more classes of shares, the rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attaching to each class of shares, and

(ii) if a class of shares may be issued in series, the authority given to the directors to fix the number of shares in, and to determine the designation of, and the rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attaching to, the shares of each series;

(d) if the issue, transfer or ownership of shares of the corporation is to be restricted, a statement to that effect and a statement as to the nature of such restrictions;

(e) the number of directors or, subject to paragraph 107(a), the minimum and maximum number of directors of the corporation; and

(f) any restrictions on the businesses that the corporation may carry on.

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Delivery of articles of incorporation

Canada Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  7

An incorporator shall send to the Director articles of incorporation and the documents required by sections 19 and 106.

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Certificate of incorporation

Canada Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  8

1) Subject to subsection (2), on receipt of articles of incorporation, the Director shall issue a certificate of incorporation in accordance with section 262.

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Effect of certificate

Canada Business Corporations Act

Section or Rule No.  9

A corporation comes into existence on the date shown in the certificate of incorporation

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Ontario Business Corporations Act Forms Respecting Incorporation

Ontario Business Names Act Forms

Ontario Corporations Information Act Forms

Canada Business Corporations Act Forms Respecting Incorporation

 

 

Civil and Other Courthouses in the Greater Toronto Area used by Brampton Lawyers

Dufferin , Orangeville  
Dufferin County Courthouse

Frontenac , Kingston  
Kingston Courthouse

Halton , Burlington  
Burlington Courthouse

Halton , Milton  
Milton County Courthouse

Hamilton-Wentworth , Hamilton  
John Sopinka Courthouse

Hastings , Belleville  
Belleville Courthouse

Middlesex , London  
London Court House

Muskoka , Bracebridge  
Bracebridge Courthouse

Niagara , St. Catharines  
St. Catharines Courthouse

Peel , Brampton  
A Grenville & William Davis Courthouse

Perth , Stratford  
Stratford Courthouse

Simcoe , Barrie  
Barrie Courthouse

Toronto , Toronto  
Old City Hall

Toronto , Toronto  
College Park Court

Toronto , Toronto  
Scarborough Courthouse

Toronto , Toronto  
Downsview/North York/1000 Finch

Toronto , Toronto  
Metro West Etobicoke Courthouse 2201 Finch

Toronto , Toronto  
Toronto Superior Court, Criminal, Summary Conviction Appeals, Jury trials

Toronto , Toronto  
311 Jarvis Toronto Youth Court and Family Court

Toronto , Toronto  
Toronto Superior Court - Civil - Filing Documents

Waterloo , Cambridge  
Cambridge Courthouse

Waterloo , Kitchener  
Kitchener-Waterloo

Wellington , Guelph  
Guelph Provincial Courthouse

York , Newmarket  
Newmarket Courthouse

 

 

 

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